Efforts to Deal with the Impact of Adolescent Pregnancy through a Holistic Approach: A Literature Review

  • Iis Rahmawati Faculty of Nursing, University of Jember
  • Murtaqib Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Jember, Indonesia
Keywords: Teenage, Pregnancy, Holistic Approach

Abstract

Teenage pregnancy, occurring at the age of 15-19 years, is a global public health problem with negative impacts for both mother and baby. The purpose of the study is to analyze the efforts that have been made in various countries in dealing with the impact of adolescent pregnancy to obtain strategies and recommendations that have the potential to create positive changes in handling the problem of adolescent pregnancy globally. This research method uses a literature review. The literature search process carried out in this literature review uses the database Scopus with a range of publication years 2019-2023. The search was conducted using several keywords "Teenage pregnancy" AND "impact". The findings of 10 journals show that teenage pregnancy has significant health and social impacts, including the risk of obstetric complications, high rates of maternal and infant mortality, and long-term consequences for mother and child. Factors such as low access to education, lack of knowledge about reproductive health, peer influence, and family problems trigger teenage pregnancy. The importance of a holistic approach involving collaboration between government, religious leaders, families, and educational institutions to prevent teenage pregnancy, increase knowledge of sexual education, and form positive, preventive attitudes needs to be done to reduce the risks and adverse effects associated with teenage pregnancy.

References

Anggreni, D., Notobroto, H. B. & Soedirham, O. (2023). Determinants factors of early marriage in developing countries: a literature review. Journal of Public Health in Africa, 14(S2). doi: 10.4081/jphia.2023.2543.

Apolot, R. R. et al. (2020). Maternal health challenges experienced by adolescents; could community scorecards address them? A case study of Kibuku District– Uganda. International Journal for Equity in Health, 19(1), 1–12. doi: 10.1186/s12939-020-01267-4.

Austrian, K. et al. (2020). The impact of the Adolescent Girls Empowerment Program (AGEP) on short and long term social, economic, education and fertility outcomes: A cluster randomized controlled trial in Zambia. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 1–15. doi 10.1186/s12889-020-08468-0.

Azizah, N., Kundaryanti, R., & Novelia, S. (2022). The Effect of Ginger Decoction on Emesis Gravidarum among Trimester I Pregnant Women. Nursing and Health Sciences Journal, 2(1), 5-9. https://doi.org/10.53713/nhs.v2i2.66

Bitew, D. A. et al. (2023). Predictors of underage pregnancy among women aged 15–19 in highly prevalent regions of Ethiopia: a multilevel analysis based on EDHS, 2016. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 1–9. doi: 10.1038/s41598-023-27805-y.

Deswinda, D. et al. (2020). Adolescent pregnancy prevention behaviour in Indonesia: Internal and external factors influencing. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 8(E), 516–520. doi: 10.3889/oamjms.2020.4946.

Exarchos, L. M. et al. (2022). Teenage pregnancies in Western Greece: experience from a university hospital setting. Hormones, 21(1), 127–131. doi: 10.1007/s42000-021-00337-8.

Hamidah, Carolin, B. T., & Lail, N. H. (2022). The Administration of Lemon and Paper Mint Aromatherapy towards Reduction of Emesis Gravidarum in Pregnant Women in Trimester I at Health Center Malangbong, Garut Regency in 2022. Nursing and Health Sciences Journal, 2(2), 183-189. https://doi.org/10.53713/nhs.v2i2.104

Horii, H. (2019). Pluralistic legal system, pluralistic human rights?: teenage pregnancy, child marriage and legal institutions in Bali. Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, 51(3), 292–319. doi: 10.1080/07329113.2019.1683429.

Indarti, J. et al. (2020). Teenage Pregnancy: Obstetric and Perinatal Outcome in a Tertiary Centre in Indonesia. Obstetrics and Gynecology International, 2020. doi: 10.1155/2020/2787602.

Lastinger, J. et al. (2023). Teenage Pregnancies in Austria - An Epidemiological Study on Prevalence and Perinatal Outcome. Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde, 83(2), 212–219. doi: 10.1055/a-1911-1996.

Moshi, F. V. & Tilisho, O. (2023). The magnitude of teenage pregnancy and its associated factors among teenagers in Dodoma Tanzania: a community-based analytical cross-sectional study. Reproductive Health, 20(1), 1–13. doi: 10.1186/s12978-022-01554-z.

Murakami, M. N. et al. (2021). Association between socioeconomic status and fertility among adolescents aged 15 to 19: an analysis of the 2013/2014 Zambia Demographic Health Survey (ZDHS). Reproductive Health, 18(1), 1–11. doi: 10.1186/s12978-021-01230-8.

Novelia, S., Rukmaini, & Puspita Sari, E. (2024). Stress Levels and Pre-Eclampsia in Pregnancy. Health and Technology Journal (HTechJ), 2(1), 81–86. https://doi.org/10.53713/htechj.v2i1.135

Nurdiawan, W. et al. (2021). Comparison of maternal and neonatal outcomes in teenage and reproductive age pregnancy at a tertiary hospital in west Java, Indonesia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 9, 1080–1084. doi: 10.3889/oamjms.2021.7066.

Phiri, M. et al. (2023). Individual and Community-level factors associated with early marriage in Zambia: a mixed effect analysis. BMC Women’s Health, 23(1), 1–13. doi: 10.1186/s12905-023-02168-8.

Sezgin, A. U., & Punamäki, R. L. (2020). Correction to: Impacts of early marriage and adolescent pregnancy on mental and somatic health: the role of partner violence (Archives of Women’s Mental Health, (2020), 23, 2, (155-166), 10.1007/s00737-019-00960-w). Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 23(2), 167. doi: 10.1007/s00737-019-00971-7.

Shukla, S. et al. (2023). Factors associated with adolescent pregnancy in Maharashtra, India: a mixed-methods study. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 31(1). doi: 10.1080/26410397.2023.2249284.

Tiwari, A. et al. (2022). “Our mothers do not tell us”: a qualitative study of adolescent girls’ perspectives on sexual and reproductive health in rural Nepal. Sexual and Reproductive Health Matters, 29(2), 356–368. doi: 10.1080/26410397.2022.2068211.

Widyaningsih, V. et al. (2021). Original Research Abstract : Full Article, Rural and Remote Health, 21(3), 1–11.

Yoosefi Lebni, J. et al. (2023). Exploring the Consequences of Early Marriage: A Conventional Content Analysis. Inquiry (United States), 60. doi: 10.1177/00469580231159963.

Zulu, I. Z. et al. (2022). Application of community dialogue approach to preventing adolescent pregnancy, early marriage and school dropout in Zambia: a case study. Reproductive Health, 19(1), 1–9. doi: 10.1186/s12978-022-01335-8.

Published
2024-03-04
How to Cite
1.
Rahmawati I, Murtaqib M. Efforts to Deal with the Impact of Adolescent Pregnancy through a Holistic Approach: A Literature Review. NHSJ [Internet]. 2024Mar.4 [cited 2024May18];4(1):83-0. Available from: https://www.nhs-journal.com/index.php/nhs/article/view/329
Section
Articles